It was early in the Little League season, but my 11-year-old son was off to a slow start. He had already struck out in this game, and was now batting with the bases loaded.
Standing along the first base line, I did something I had not done before during a game: I prayed for a specific result. Not that he would get a hit. Just that he would hit the ball, and not strike out.
He ended up hitting a home run over the centerfield fence – a rare feat for anyone at this field – and was mobbed by his teammates. The coach sent his younger son to retrieve the ball, and gave it to my son after the game, which his team won.
Should I have prayed about a kids’ baseball game? Did my prayer make a difference?
The success of Denver Broncos quarterback Tim Tebow and his personal expressions of faith – including the addition of a prayer posture now known as Tebowing – has reignited conversation about the relationship between sports and religion.
Some secular commentators argue against any breach in what they would like to see as a wall separating faith from the playing field. Many religious folk fear too great an accommodation with big-time athletics can promote worship of false idols.
As Super Bowl XLVI approaches, however, research provides evidence that for both athlete and fan, prayer may serve to help them cope with the pressures of sports, and help them keep in perspective that, in the end, it is just a game.
Winning isn’t everything
Athletics and religion have a long history together. Sports first appeared in culture as cultic rituals.
The early Mayans, “like ancient Greek sprinters, Egyptian ball players and American Indian stickball players, regarded competitive games as depictions and celebrations of ultimate realities,” Shirl Hoffman of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro wrote in an article in “Word & World.”
In the United States, early Puritan wariness of the frivolity of play gave way to the notion of “muscular Christianity.” After the Second World War, athletics increasingly came to be seen as a platform for evangelists to urge consideration of a higher playing field. Organizations such as the Fellowship of Christian Athletes and Athletes in Action developed in the 1950s and 1960s. Many religious groups today offer athletic programs as a way of inviting and integrating the faithful into their communities.
Concerns abound that the conflation of religion and sports promotes a “winning-at-all-costs” attitude, but some research suggests prayer has a greater purpose for many athletes.
After the game
You need not look beyond the riots in Vancouver after the Stanley Cup last year or instances of parents attacking coaches, referees or even other players at high school and youth league games to see how fan obsessions can escalate out of control. Movies such as the 1996 film “The Fan” with Robert De Niro and Wesley Snipes and the 2009 “Big Fan” with Patton Oswalt illustrate the darker side of wrapping up too much of one’s self-identity and self-worth in the exploits of a favorite player or team.
But sports in perspective can also bring a lot of pleasure to individuals and help fans vicariously experience emotions of triumph and loss, the “thrill of victory and the agony of defeat” without giving over their souls to big-time sports.
Even in the early stage of research on religion and sports, there are indicators that prayer can help fans and players alike.
In sports and war, “identification is facilitated by the clear differentiation of opposing sides, rules of engagement, a desire to determine a ‘winner’ and ‘loser,’ and denigration of the opponent,” Fred Mael and Blake Ashforth note in the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.
But religion, they note, carries with it the potential for raising aspirations and promoting transcendent values such as care for others.
In my own experience at that long-ago Little League game, what I can say my prayer accomplished was that it helped calm a nervous father.
Perhaps I was expressing what scholars might call an evolutionary-based desire to respond to someone in need with an act that offered support and helped alleviate my own feelings of helplessness. But it was a moment I will never forget.
After the game, I bought a little stand and mounted the ball to display in my son’s room. But it seemed to always end up buried in the closet along with piles of old baseball cards. When my son moved away after college, I held on to the ball.
Every time I look at the ball, it still gives me a warm feeling inside of a magical – perhaps even mystical – moment in time.
One Response to “Prayer, Tebowing and the Super Bowl: The evolving relationship of sports and religion”
Leave a Reply
Search Ahead of the Trend
Please type your search term:
Most Recent Columns
Primers & Tutorials
The following primers and interactive tutorials were developed by theARDA.com and the International Center for Journalists (http://www.icfj.org/).
Connect with the ARDA
Our Most Popular Tags
Click on your desired tag, to view the available columns.
Baylor Religion Survey
religion and health
religion and politics
worship abortion (3)
US Congregational Membership Reports
Explore congregational membership in every county, state, and urban area in the United States. Based on the Religious Congregations and Membership Study collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies this is the most complete census available on religious congregations and their members.
ARDA's National Profiles provide detailed data by country on religious adherents, religious freedom, demographics and a host of other social measures. Choose a country below to see its profile:
Our American Denominations feature provides detailed information and family trees for over 400 U.S. religious denominations.
Use QuickStats to browse dozens of topics and see reponses from major national surveys, demographic patterns, and changes over time! Available topics:
Use QuickLists to see rank-ordered data on religion in the U.S. and around the world. See our most popular topics: